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What are Bach® Flower remedies?

Bach flower remedies (BFR) are a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) developed in the 1930s by the British physician Dr Edward Bach. Bach devoted his life to the discovery of 38 remedies that correspond to 38 negative emotional states. Dr. Bach believed in a truly holistic form of emotional healing; BFRs are believed to assist the body in healing itself by providing "a positive emotional state that is conducive to the restoration of a healthy equilibrium and by acting to catalyze an individual's own internal resources for maintaining balance". According to Dr. Bach, the restoration of balance could be used for treating any medical condition, however BFRs are commonly used for psychological problems and stress.

How are Bach® Flower remedies prepared?

Only flowers that grow naturally in the wild are suitable for preparation. BFRs are prepared in two ways following Dr. Bach's directions: the sun method and the boiling method. In the sun method, fully opened flower heads still fresh with dew are floated on the surface of pure spring water in a glass bowl and left for a few hours in the sunshine, whereas in the boiling method, used for trees and bushes, the branches and leaves are boiled in water for half an hour. In both methods, the plant is removed, and, according to Dr. Bach, the water retains the vibrations or energy of the flower. The liquid, called the mother tincture, is filtered, and mixed with brandy, which acts as a preservative.

How can Bach® Flower remedies be taken?

The remedies can be taken orally diluted in a glass of water or applied directly to pulse points such as the wrists, temples and behind the ears. They can be used individually or in combination with up to seven other tinctures. BFRs do not contain pharmacologically residues of the original flowers and are considered safe to use in combination with other medications, as well as by pregnant women, children, babies, the elderly, and pets.

What is the criteria to choose the right Bach® Flower remedies?

Dr. Bach's 38 flower remedies each address one of the seven psychological causes of illness: fear, uncertainty, insufficient interest in present circumstances, loneliness, oversensitivity to influences and ideas, despondency, or despair and over care for the welfare of others. The individual patient is prescribed particular remedies depending on the problem at hand, which should be individually tailored and adjusted during the course of therapy, typically over weeks to months.

"Rescue Remedy", also known as "Five Flower Remedy," is the only combination of BFRs determined by Dr. Bach himself and functions as an all-purpose emergency agent in situations of acute anxiety or distress. It contains a mixture of star of Bethlehem, rock rose, impatiens, cherry plum, and clematis. Rescue remedy is recommended as a first aid preparation for situations where acute stress is likely to occur.

How do Bach® Flower remedies work?

According to Dr. Bach, the remedies work through the life force energy or vibration that is transmitted from the flowers to the tincture. This vibration interacts on a subtle energy level with the individual to rebalance and dissolve old patterns of behavior. By alleviating negative feelings and relieving the underlying emotional and psychological problems of the patient, a physical healing is enabled.


  1. The Bach Flower Remedies

  2. Dr Edward Bach Centre FAQs

  3. The Bach Flower Research Program

  4. Nelsons

  5. Dr. Edward Bach, MB, BS, DPH. The ESSENTAILA Writings of Dr. Edward Bach: The Twelve Healers and Heal Thyself. 2005

  6. Dr. Edward Bach, MB, BS, DPH. Heal Thyself: An Explanation of the Real Cause and Cure of Disease. 1996


Bach® Flower remedies
& their indications:


mental torture behind a cheerful face


fear of unknown things


intolerance, perfectionist


the inability to say "no"


lack of trust in one's own decisions

Cherry Plum

fear of the mind giving way, fear of losing control

Chestnut Bud

failure to learn from mistakes


selfish, possessive love, needs the appreciation of others


dreaming of the future without working in the present, absentminded

Crab Apple

the cleansing remedy, also for self-hatred, poor body image


overwhelmed by responsibility, pressures of work


discouragement after a setback, pessimism


hopelessness and despair


self-centeredness and self-concern


hatred, envy, jealousy, feels victimized


living in the past, overwhelming nostalgia


procrastination, tiredness at the thought of doing something




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